Monday, December 29, 2008

Potala Palace - Chinese tourism scenic spots

China in Lhasa, Tibet's top Hongshan, a world-famous ancient castle-building, which is built in the seventh century AD, 1300 years have elapsed since the Potala Palace. China's famous ancient buildings, the national key cultural unit. Abdallah resort to Guanyin Putuo Luojia transliteration of the Sanskrit, means Guanyin Air & P in order to save all living creatures. Founded in the early years of the Tang Dynasty when Songtsan Gambo. Potala Palace, more than 3700 meters above sea level, covering a total area of more than 36 square meters, 360 meters from east to west and 270 meters wide north-south, the main building-13, 117 meters high, is the world's highest, set palaces, castles and monasteries in one The magnificent building .

  Potala Palace and the mountain building, the palace buildings stacked block, Song Zhi majestic, magnificent, its architecture reflects the Tibetan traditional stone and wood structure in the form of towers and traditional Han Liang Jia, Golden Summit, the characteristics of the caisson, Combination of space, the overlapping courtyard, corridors song threshold, in line with local conditions, Time is clear, not only highlights the main building, and coordination of the construction subsidiary of the group, scattered up and down, before and after mixed to form a more level space, full of rhythmic beauty, visually enhanced high up the feeling in the world in the history of the building??.

According to legend, the Tibetan Tubo King Songtsan Gambo good worshipers , Moved the capital Lhasa, often in the mountains near Lhasa, chanting prayers to the mountain named "Abdallah." "Abdallah" is a transliteration Sanskrit, translated as "Lo Po" or "Po", referring to the original Goddess of Mercy by the UN. In the year 641 Songtsan Gambo married Princess Wencheng of the Tang Dynasty, joy, for the Princess The Potala Palace. The Potala Palace was built by the high-level 9, a total of 999 palace, increase self-cultivation in the mountains a total of 1000 rooms, grand and magnificent. But times have changed, the mine suffered the Potala Palace, electricity and catastrophe of war, has experienced vicissitudes of life, are in a deplorable state, the king of the few remaining holes Zhudianpaba and Lacan. The Potala Palace is now Since the seventh century re-built.

The Potala Palace, the main building, its two main functions of most of the first, the Dalai Lama's personal life and political activities, one dedicated to the history of the Dalai Lama and various permitted.

The first part focused on the White House. The White House was built in a 45, the last 8 years, when the original Songtsan Gambo Yin-tang as the center and west to east from the construction of a huge Siyu. Siyu of the whole wall was painted white, from afar, particularly eye-catching, it is referred to as "the White House." High-level White House 7, No. 4 at the central level, "Qin Xia measures" (East Hall) area 17 square meters, from 38 large support columns, is the largest temple of the Potala Palace, the Dalai Lama in history to hold the enthroned, the T'ung ceremony and other major religious and political activities. 5, 6 Regent is a two-tier office and living accommodation. The highest level (the 7th floor) of the Dalai Lama is the Winter Palace, where a large area lighting, To the late, brilliant sunshine, known as the "Hall of daylight." Hall luxurious furnishings, Yu Wan Jinpen, Zhuguangbaoqi, showing that the owner of noble status. Palace, a large balcony, looking down from here to the whole city of Lhasa. Continuous ups and downs is far from the mountains, the beautiful Lhasa River is like a ribbon from a floated on the horizon Tian Long is near Pianpian criss-cross paths, trees cottage, there are age-old Jokhang Temple resplendent Golden Summit.

The second part concentrated in the Red Palace, the Red Palace was built in 1690, when the Qing Emperor Kangxi specially from the mainland also sent more than 100 Han, Manchu, Mongolian craftsmen to Tibet to take part in this expansion of the Potala Palace The huge project. The Red Palace is the construction of the main types of Buddhist and dedicated to the Dalai Lama. 8 intrauterine have kept the Dalai Lama's body dedicated to law, with the fifth Dalai Lama dedicated to the largest and most gorgeous, 14.85 meters high, the tower with Gympie package, Xiangzhuqianyu, is said to share 11, two more than gold, Chu, precious stones, coral, amber, agate, and other 18,677. Red largest palace hall, "Puncog West Division" (West Hall) area of 725 meters, the hall hanging above the middle of the Qianlong gift, "Lin Chung to the beginning of" horizontal inscribed board with the Dalai Lama's throne. Dian-zhong there Qing Emperor Kangxi donated a large current account Kam right, yes cloth Pull one of the treasures of the palace. Shu Sheng Dian three realms is the highest in the halls of Red Palace, by the side of the bookshelf, but also placed the Emperor Yongzheng grant the Dalai Lama VII of the Beijing edition of "Dan Zhuer" by the book. Red Palace is the most West XIII dedicated to the Dalai Lama Temple, 14 meters high, the legend of the altar city hall is more than 20 satellites string of pearls made up from . Potala Palace in-house beautifully decorated luxury on the one hand, the treasure house of Tibetan Art, on the other hand, reflects the nobility and the old Tibet, accounting for more than 95% of the population of the enormous difference between the serfs. Red Palace is dedicated to religious activities and worship hall, and the White House is the home of the Dalai Lama and political activities. Both red and white color However, one that fully reflects the old politics and religion of Tibet's social characteristics. Since the White House after completion of the fifth Dalai Lama moved here from the Drepung Monastery, until his death. Since then, the history of the Potala Palace, the Dalai Lama as their own will to live and conduct religious activities, thus becoming the Potala Palace lama and religious groups Pay homage to the Holy Land.

More than 300 years, the Potala Palace in Tibet as a "church" at the center of political power, to preserve the rich collection of historical artifacts and crafts, history and culture of Tibet can be called art museums, of which more than 50,000 square meters colorful characters As lifelike mural of the Potala Palace is a must. The mural of the Potala Palace to four categories: religious stories; customs; biographies; historical events. In the history of the expansion of the Potala Palace was the scene of the mural vividly recorded; Princess Wencheng to Tibet's murals, represents the seventh century AD both Han and Tibetan ethnic harmony with Scenes; Basilica of the West side of the wall is the 1652 Beijing audience with the Dalai Lama V, Emperor Shunzhi of the murals; XIII hall dedicated to the Dalai Lama, has drawn 13 in Beijing audience with the Dalai Lama and the Empress Dowager Cixi of the Qing emperor scene. There are nearly 1,000 seat palace pagoda, the 10,000 statues, a large number of Bayeux, as well as Thangka, Seoul Kim Precious cultural relics, such as books. Show in the history of the relationship between the central government and local government of Tibet in the Ming and Qing dynasties of emperors closure thanks to the Dalai Lama's Gold List, the India-China and India, the fate Letters were also in the palace collection. It is these relics of China to form a unified multi-ethnic country to witness history. Potala Palace in China and the United States there are many fine Mattress, canopy, instruments used, the curtain, forging Jin, gold and silver ware, porcelain and stone implements, and so on, dazzling Lumpur.

After the peaceful liberation of Tibet in 1951, the central government attaches great importance to the protection of the Potala Palace. In 1961, the State Council announced its focus on the national heritage unit, In all out maintenance funds. However, this magnificent palace in the reconstruction of 300 years or so after the overhaul has not, a serious danger. In 1985, the State Council decided to pull out of the huge sum of money to carry out large-scale maintenance of the Potala Palace, this is the People's Republic of China since the founding of ancient cultural relics protection of investment in the construction of the largest public works .

October 11, 1989 weather, the Potala Palace Fahao Bell, a group known as Gyaincain Sera of young people feel a wave of the Potala Palace lama maintenance of the project started in the first-ho. Gyaincain group of sleep-ho as the first wave of people from Tibet, the traditional fortune-selected, he Wuguanduanzheng, parents are still alive, Xiao auspicious sign of the Zodiac. The maintenance of the Potala Palace, the whole process is strictly abide by the Tibetan people's traditional customs and religious ritual. Chinese engineers in the possession of the solidarity and cooperation, the maintenance work in September 1994 successfully completed, will cost a total of 53,000,000 yuan. Potala Palace, this pearl of the plateau, and again brilliant Choi, attracting a growing number of foreign tourists come to visit. Now, the Potala Palace has been listed by UNESCO as "World Cultural Heritage" list.

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