Sunday, December 14, 2008

Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum - Chinese tourism scenic spots

Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum in Xi'an is located 30 km east of the Lishan Mountain in the south according to Lishan, Love overlapping layer peaks, lush forests; bounded by the Wei-shui, Qu Wei Yi turn, Yin Yi recline. Tall letters in mass graves, which rise amid Weiwei and Li Shan are surrounded by seamless, beautiful, independent environmental show.

Qin Shi Huang in the history of China-a The politicians, who win political surname, Qin Zhuangxiang Wang's son, was born in 259 BC Zhao Kyoto Handan, in 246 BC that the 13-year-old legislation for the King of Qin, the 22-year-old coronation of the T'ung. From 236 BC to 221 BC in 15 years, has exterminate the Qin Han, Zhao, Wei Chu, Yan and Qi six State leaders, thoroughly put an end to separatist warlords of the Warring States history in blood and fire, set up in the history of China's first unified, multi-ethnic, centralized feudal dynasty - the Qin Dynasty. "So Qinhuang Luk, Hong Kong Standard potential Xiong Zai; motion of wielding a sword no clouds, the leaders of the West to do." Qin Shi Huang - who dominated the open Sovereign, not only for the descendants left a lasting cause of this still mysterious royal cemetery.

Ancient Egypt is the world's largest pyramid on the floor of the Capital Cities, China's Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum is the world's largest imperial tombs on the ground floor.

Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor ascended the throne in starting construction work, before and after the last 8-year-old, famous Egyptian pyramid of Khufu built a long time 8 years, the use of Xiu Ling in the past when the largest number of 800,000, almost the same as the construction of the Khufu pyramid in the number of times 8.

Qin mausoleum modeled on the capital of Xianyang in the construction, the back lanes are shaped, built around the tomb there are two internal and external wall, Ling Inside the perimeter wall 3870 meters, 6210 meters outside the perimeter wall, the hills in the region currently known large-scale ground for the construction Qindian, Biandian, Temple Park officials, such as home sites. Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum from the Fengtuhangzhu to form a three-level ladder-like cover was fighting, near the bottom of the square, at the end of an area of about 250,000 square meters, 115 meters high However, since 2000 gone through years of wind and rain erosion and man-made destruction, Feng Tu is the end of an area of about 120,000 square meters, height of 87 meters, the whole hill with a total area of 56.25 square kilometers. Qin Dynasty China was a glorious page in history, Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum of Qin Dynasty more focused on the highest achievements of civilization. He was born to the emperor All of the high position and great wealth into the ground floor.

Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum is the tomb palace on the ground floor of the building core of the closure is located under the mound. "Historical Records": "to wear the three-chuen, the result of copper under the outer coffin, Baiguan temples, and odd-odd differences over the possession of resettlement. Mercury to rivers and rivers to the sea, with indoctrination machine.'s An astronomy Geography, in order to extract as a mermaid candle, who is immortal for a long time on the degree. "Underground palace found in the archaeological area of about 180,000 square meters, the center of the depth of about 30 meters. Mound cemetery closed to the center, surrounded by large number of funerary distribution, the rich, on an unprecedented scale, with the exception of the world famous terracotta warriors and horses Peizang Keng, the copper Juma Keng , And the newly discovered Large armor stone pit, a hundred opera pit figurines, figurines pit, as well as the civil service, such as Pei Zangmu 600, Qinling decades of archaeological relics unearthed in the work of as many as 10 million pieces. In the cemetery where a number of cultural relics have set up booths to display the Qinling part of the cultural relics unearthed in the last 20 years; there are layout exhibition watercourses, and then reproduce the cemetery Science well-drainage facilities; believe that with the archaeological work progress, certainly there will be more unexpected discoveries.

In imposing the green and tall Metella, in order to let visitors feel the feelings of honor of King, King's parents, Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum have staged large-scale "to reproduce the guards of honor - Qin Shi Huang Shou-ling forces changing of the guard ceremony, "and set performance of" sound, light, electricity, "Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum in one hill, the cemetery, the palace sand table model to display, reproduce more than 2000 years ago, the mysterious mausoleum of the spectacular scenes, showing in decades The results of archaeological, in vivid visual Qinling revealed the secret to display its rich connotations. Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum is the first Chinese emperor of a cemetery, hard working people of our country and the crystallization of wisdom, is a treasure house of history and culture, all in the feudal imperial tomb in a large, rich burial known to the world. In 1961 the State Council was announced as the first group of key cultural units, 987, was listed by UNESCO as world cultural heritage list, has become the common wealth of all mankind. Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum in 2002 won the national AAAA class tourist attractions.

The main scenic spots

Feng mound

"Mound closure" on the ground from high hills known as the mass graves, -The following is the burial tomb of the deceased. Feng Tu Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum by the loess accumulation, the layered composition of the Hang Zhu. As a whole like a "follow-Doo", but in reality the size of three Schnabelia Taiwan stacked geometry, this is not the Western Han people to see Liu Xiang, "Chong three grave" look. According to historical records, "Shi Zhang grave high-five" by the aerial survey Height of 51.668 meters, the largest base of the square, 350 meters long from north to south and 345 meters wide east, the perimeter 1390 meters, covering an area of 120,750 square meters.

"Historical Records" set: Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum "tree vegetation like Elephant." According to the hierarchy, was in the hills on the cultivation and planting pine and cypress . Zaiman modern pomegranate tree, May Sihuo bonuses, autumn fruit to Man. These are greening the environment, safeguard the ecological role.

Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum of the border remains of the original Fengtu

Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum of the original than the existing Fengtu much higher. That the Western Han Dynasty Tomb of the basement while the length of a "week to have Wuli "This could be equivalent to 2087.65 meters.

As the two thousand years of wind and rain erosion and man-made damage and the reduction in the basement, turned around in the shape of the cliff, only 1390 meters circumference. This is the original Feng Tu of the border.


In order to rule out the possibility Qin Shi Mausoleum of rain on the ground, underground pipes are laid and more. Pentagon pottery belonging to the water drainage in charge of the Road, 45-47 cm-high, the bottom 40 cm wide, 65-68 cm in length. Internal area of 1100 square meters in centimeters or so, it is out of water (m /s) larger. There are hills in the north-west Tao Pai pentagon side by side across the water inside the city walls, floor shows runoff is huge. Another Qingshi water from the upper and lower two matched, with twists and turns for the single, double holes or three holes, the flow rate in order to slow down to prevent damage to the outlet on the ground.

Indoor discharge dump water, with cylindrical pottery waterway. On the To undertake the "funnel" bend "bend."

  By the construction of the vent pipes and underground drainage pipes between each other to form a complete drainage system.

Juma Keng copper site

In 1980, where a team of four to explore Ma Ma Si cars and trucks by one each. An in car , Mainly by car; the former in order to legislate for the lead vehicle. Wah Group of the court by car, now on display at the Terracotta Warrior Museum.

Copper Juma Keng Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum is located on the west side of the edge of Feng Tu, 7.8 m deep pit, as the plane eastern "towel" shape. With a total area of 3025 square meters. By two Travel allowance from the pit on the south side of the hole over the first 5, Massimo car back East mausoleum. The walls and roof of the pit, at the end, the Department of sheet metal sockets to form a travel allowance to place the "wooden outer coffin." Rotten from the track and know-prints: a long wooden outer coffin 7, 2.3 wide, 2.2 meters high.

Qindian site

The so-called "Qin Dian" Is the worship, ritual ceremony of the souls of system construction.

Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum of Qin Dian tomb is located on the north side of 53 meters west. From the detection of a platform to know that it blocks east to the west, close to the flat square, 62 meters long from north to south and 57 meters deep into East and West, with a total area of 3534 square meters. Central to the main building Gallery, to scattered around the outside of water, doors open at the southern tip of the east wall.

Qindian Qinmo destroyed as a result of the fire, of unknown structures. But by the Department of the foundation remains, the soil piled up in the construction of a large number of relics and archeology of the Shang and Zhou dynasties that instance, when the Hall of the First Qin Emperor mausoleum belonging to the Arab-Israeli Danyan four-roof construction.

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