Wednesday, November 12, 2008

Saint Sophia Cathedral - Chinese tourism scenic spots

St. Sophia Church is located in Harbin city, the Far East is the largest Orthodox Church, 53.35 m-high, covers an area of 721 square meters, is the Byzantine-style architecture typical. In November 1996, is listed as national key cultural units; in June 1997, St. Sophia Church and repair Harbin, known as the Building Museum of Art.

Year in 1903, with the railway was opened to traffic in the Middle East, Eastern Siberia Russia Fourth Infantry Division have invaded Harbin. Russia to stabilize the morale of the soldiers away from home, in 1907 started the construction of St. Sofia church, An all-wood structure built churches for the Church of the army's Infantry Division. September 27, 1923, Saint Sofia church held a foundation stone laying ceremony of the second reconstruction, after up to 9 years of careful construction, a magnificent, elegant ultra-popular products for completion of the construction completed.

St. Philadelphia Church of momentum, absolutely beautiful. Church of the red brick wall all the water used, a huge crown on the first full onion dome, led a four wing-top tents of different sizes to form a master-slave-like layout of the four floors of stairs between the connected before and after about four 000 out the door. At the top of the main entrance to the Clock Tower, 7 Copper 10 minutes of music is just 7 notes from well-trained people to ring the bell Shoujiaobingyong, beating out the cadence of the bell.

Towering magnificent St. Sophia Church, Harbin constitutes a unique human landscape of exotic and urban life, at the same time, it is also Russia's invasion of Northeast China and Kazakhstan have witnessed history Bin city's recent history of major track Jane.

St. Sofia Cathedral is the point of view of the volatile, dizzying, that is, stay inside all day and will not feel tired; her momentum is solemn but not aggressive, a lot of tourists quietly in the corner of the reliance of the Department Zhuchu , Any thoughts of the Millennium in the dust in the drift Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, referring to the Roman Empire split in the fourth century, the successor of the Roman Empire orthodox regime, and there are, according to the territory of the eastern half of the empire. And at the center of the Byzantine Empire, Byzantium is, that is, Constantinople, that is, today's Istanbul, Turkey. Al Court (Byzantine) the origin of the name, the legend is followed by a Greek god Byzas Yu, in Europe and Asia at the junction of land and sea to find the junction of the Byzantine ideal, and his name from its name. Byzantine history and on the world stage, the opportunity to party Because of its Weijuyaojin, guarded by the Bosphorus, the control of the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea between land and sea traffic hub, on the other hand, had to Ti Luoma Constantine the Great Empire of the unique eye, in the year 312 years after the success of power, in order to eastward expansion of the influence of the Roman Empire, Byzantium and chosen to do Rome's new Christchurch, and 330 in the year on May 11 officially moved the capital to Byzantium, renamed Constantinople, after 1,000 years, Constantinople has been the world's most beautiful and richest city. Constantine to build his cities to gloat on the momentum of the Roman Empire, at the same time attract to the States, on He used a variety of beautiful decorative way to beautify Constantinople: on the streets and fountains decorated pillars, will come from the Silk Road, Africa, jewelry, sculpture and the process of European supplies, Egypt's Pharaoh side Monument sharp, all over the world spices, porcelain and so on the whole moving around, in addition, AD 325, Jun Constantin also built a church, the beautiful cathedral of Constantinople and the history of life be so close, she is St. Sofia's Cathedral (St. Sophia Church).

St. Sofia Cathedral is so special about the plane is used for making cross-Greece , In space, to create a giant dome, but not in the indoor pole used to support. The more closely that of Constantine the Great invited Mathematics engineers invented by the arch, buttress, such as small dome designed to support and share the weight of the dome of the construction method in order to resettlement in the window wall between tall and round Yen People look up to heaven holy and good. Since the earthquake and the rebels burnt down, St. Sofia Cathedral went through several rehabilitation, particularly in 532 AD Justinian the Great put 10,000 workers, 320,000 of gold, and spent six years time will be St. Sofia Cathedral, decorated more China and the United States elaborate. The church is sacred When the city center, and the rulers of the church is not hard to see efforts for the rulers by religious devotion, showy wealth and power of the empire, and the surrounding area of influence of the donor heart. St. Sofia Cathedral, a large dome 55 meters high from the land, but also in the seventeenth century before the completion of St. Peter's Cathedral, a Is the world's largest church.

St. Sofia Cathedral in-house decoration, in addition to a variety of gorgeous exquisite carvings, including the use of colored marble mosaic inlaid into the puzzle. From the year 4-6 century, the church gradually with the teachings of the concept of redemption has become deep knowledge At the same time, Greek and Roman cultural circle with the emphasis on physical portrait of the United States and the Christian tradition is gradually have an impact, in addition to his followers through the traditional story and made for itself a symbol of the way to understand the teachings, it will gradually have the Virgin, the Son, portrait figures of saints such as the Demand. Church figures in the portraits of saints that is equivalent to committing the Bible Shall not worship idols of the provisions of the school, and the other portraits that people can more easily understand the followers of God and it helps to preach, and the growing differences between the two factions deepened. In 692 AD Church of Christ meeting with the awarding of the legitimacy of the portrait, but in 730 AD Roman Emperor Leo III (Leo II ) Enacted a prohibition order against Notre Dame, the Son, saints, angels with the images, then opened a two people as long as 200 years of bloody struggle between church's paintings have been destroyed and the holder of the portrait painting and The craftsmen are also subjected to various forms of persecution, the worse the outcome is the people's trust in the relationship Xie, social unrest. It was not until the mid-nineteenth century, the church re-interpretation, is willing to give tribute to the portrait, the worship of religion, this gradual extinction a dispute between the two Yi, and this time also referred to as "the victory of the orthodox" (The Triumph of orthodoxy), each year In the letter, Orthodox country was a grand celebration. But carving art has never been recognized church, so it can be said that Byzantine art, sculpture art does not exist.

The seventh century AD, the Arabian Peninsula appear on the emerging forces of the Islamic civilization, and then the Crusades came to Constantinople, At this point rulers have been unable to stop the war with coalition forces on the ravaged city. Followed by the debut of the Turks, Eastern Roman Empire officially came to an end. Year in 1453, the Ottoman Turkey will be renamed Constantinople in Istanbul, and Saint Sophia Cathedral worship Allah be changed to the mosque. Today, St. Sophia Cathedral as a magnificent architectural heritage, stand aside with arms folded over the political Diego-hing, religious struggle with the vicissitudes of history, and her dignified and beautiful, still shake every visitor's heart.

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