Sunday, December 7, 2008

Lijiang tourism - Chinese tourism scenic spots

By the State Council and the approval of the Yunnan Provincial People's Government, in the area in the ancient city of Lijiang City on April 1, 2003 formally established.

  The ancient city of Lijiang City area is rare in the world have three World Heritage (Old Town of Lijiang world cultural heritage, "Three Parallel Rivers" World Natural Heritage, East Memory of the World Heritage literature books).

Yunnan Province is located in the ancient city area mountains to cross the north-western Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau transition zone, the seat of Government 2400 meters above sea level, is a low-latitude plateau monsoon climate with an average annual temperature of 12.6 degrees Celsius, the average annual rainfall of 950 mm rainfall Pei, non-summer heat and winter without strict cold, like spring all year round climate. Area of 1255.4 square kilometers in size in the region, under the jurisdiction of the large study, Golden Hill, the seven river, Jinjiang, Yongsan, Cable 6, and other towns and townships in 53 villages (UN) Committee. The ancient city of the district's total population 142,000 people, Naxi, Han, white, Tibetan, Yi, More than 10 meters, and other ethnic groups, including Naxi population of 86,000 people, accounting for 60.22 percent of the total population.

Yunnan is located in the old city area, Sichuan, Tibet transport hub since ancient times is the Han, Tibetan, Bai, Naxi Shizu, and other cultural and economic exchanges between the hub of the Silk Road and the South, "Cha Ma Gu "The center of the military and strategic.'s Long-term national integration, multicultural Huijiao, accumulated a long history, unique to the formation of the Naxi culture represented by the national culture. Relics in the territory can be seen everywhere, natural landscape and more Zi colorful, dazzling Museum of the national culture.

-- Old Town of Lijiang cultural heritage sector. With a 800-year-old Old Town of Lijiang, located in Lijiang Bazi in the central area of about 3.8 square kilometers, was built in the Southern Song Dynasty. Lijiang is the way Xuanfu Si Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty government soldiers and civilians Lijiang Lijiang Prefecture resident. Old Town of Lijiang unique location, layout, to make full use of mountains and rivers And the surrounding natural environment, according to the North Xiangshan, Jin Hong Shan, Chen monkeys West Hill, east and south and the open nature Pingba linked not only to avoid the cold north-west, south-east towards the light source to form a seat on the Northwest, the overall look of the South East Pattern. Originated in the north of the city at the foot of Xiangshan Yuquan the river into the city after three hours, divided into numerous branch , Lane Chuanjie around, spread the city, forming a "water flow around the front of every family, every household Chuiyang Liu behind" Figure Painting. In any street in the neat and free distribution of Bangshui Main Street, Drainage temporary lanes, 300 more than the ancient stone bridge and the river water, trees, Gu Xiang, Furuya dependent matched, very old water plateau, a small bridge, flowing water, Jia Yi Yun aesthetic, as the "owners of Venice"

"Suzhou plateau." Make full use of the springs in the city to build more than the "San Yanjing," drinking on the pool, pond in vegetables, clothing drift downstream, is a symbol of wisdom of the ancestors of the Naxi, the use of water resources of the local population is an example of a masterpiece, full expression to Harmony with nature. The city-Tusi's Yashu showed an attitude of "Laguna's palace, to be king in" extraordinary scenes. When the heart of the ancient city of the Ming and Qing Dynasties Square Street Northwest Yunnan is a hub of commerce, the Tea Horse Road is on the center. Anti-Japanese War, due to pass on the ancient city in Tibet, India, issued Dali, Kunming The location of the throat to become the Anti-Japanese War of the operation of the strategic position of materials, and trading activities at a very Sheng, merchants gathered so far. Square Street to Cai Shi Pu, street washing water, for the city of Japan, Di twilight game's unique and famous street. Its colorful flowers around 6 Stone Street, with the mountains and powerful, open to radiation, linked to the streets. Extending in all directions, traffic In order to facilitate. One place, it is as if into the "Painting Scroll" of the downtown scene. In the ancient city still remain large areas of the Ming and Qing architectural features, "Zhao Bi Square,

Tetraena five yards, cursory floor corner "Tile House of row upon row of buildings, highlighting both the structure and the pursuit of carving painting equipment , And hence outside the Neixiu, exquisite Qing Qiao, construction and foreign experts as "the museum houses." It is worth mentioning that more is that city residents have always loved to cultivate planting bonsai, so enjoy the city, "Lai Xi County has been planting trees in the mountain city of fly everywhere" in the world. Old Town of Lijiang large number of cultural relics, unique and rich cultural implication, To preserve the integrity of our country, the nation's most ancient style of the cities and towns. In 1986 the State Council of China's historical and cultural city; December 4, 1997, the Organization of the United Nations Education formally approved the text of the "World Heritage" list, becoming the first country shared by humanity's responsibility to protect the world's cultural left City; in October 2001, was named the National Scenic Area and civilized demonstration; in 2002, crowned as "China's 10 most desirable cities".

- Naxi Dongba splendid mysterious culture. Tai Chi-hui of the Naxi ancestors, in the long social practice and production Moving to create a splendid Dongba culture. Dongba culture to teach Dongba as the carrier, mainly by the Dongba to record the way it is accompanied by a long history of Naxi Fahuang gradual formation and evolution of living and cultural patterns, some formed in the Tang and Song period, the history of the last millennium. Naxi Dongba religion is the original religion, and integrated He has other religions, believe in animism, polytheism. Dongba text is a list of both Italian and phonetic components hieroglyphic picture. Naxi pictograph is only 1,400 words, but words unusually rich in detail to fully express their feelings, but also the complex narrative description of all things, but also an issue to write poetry, At present, the world's only "living hieroglyphs." Hieroglyphs used to write down the text and retain a total of two million copies. Voluminous books by the book, rich content. Involved with philosophy, history, astronomy, religion, doctor, folklore, literature, art and so on, the Naxi ancient society can be a hundred book Jane Branch Dongba culture with its own unique scientific and artistic value of the value of the centuries has attracted many Chinese and foreign scholars and people with lofty ideals, and the translation of research to come to watch. Naxi Dongba culture of the people of the world's great contributions to mankind.

- Music in Lijiang Naxi ancient music treasure. Naxi ancient music The soul of the ancient city of culture and symbols of the ancient city of Lijiang is a scenic and elegant. Naxi ancient music since the Tang and Song are some of the Cipai Tune and music. In the Hongwu period (1368 AD), this music will be gradually spread to Lijiang. This music in the Central Plains region has long been a sound way, but the autobiography was to Lijiang Pan to spread in the village are heard everywhere in town this wonderful voice. Naxi ancient music to the present day, there are 22 pieces, some of them into their own thoughts and feelings of the Naxi and playing style. Naxi ancient music by Chinese and foreign scholars and the vast majority of music lovers known as the "living fossil of music" and "Voice of the peace" The Sound of Music Sounds of Heaven. "Naxi ancient music to listen to real people feel," Ciqu should only be there in the sky, the earth will have to hear a few "artistic conception.

After nearly 20 years and carry forward the publicity, Naxi ancient music has to go out of the country in the world, music in the world to find its due Home. 1995 Great Britain tour will study ancient music caused a sensation; in February 1997 at the Hong Kong Arts Festival performances by high; in 1998 in China, known as the highest forum of the Beijing Music Hall Concert Hall, is further evidence of the Naxi ancient music of art Value; in May 1998 by Norway at the invitation of King , In Norway's National Day on a grand performance;, one after another to France, Belgium, Sweden, Taiwan, the United States and other countries and regions to perform, has been warmly welcomed and highly praised. Naxi ancient music with its unique artistic charm of a brilliant shine bright, it has become increasingly known to the world and favor. - AAA-class black spots Longtan. Longtan and Old Town of Lijiang is not only the most important source of flowing water is also an important area of the city tourist attractions. White high-rise to the Yulong Snow Mountain in the background and the Longtan clear bottom, whirling around in the trees, Wu Fenglou, relief Lin, Long shrines, bridges lock Tsui shade of the old buildings Between. Longtan is located in the central and get on the floor, hoisting Mr. Guo Moruo have personally wrote the couplets: "Thirteen of the Longtan reflected peaks Hyphalosaurus in the day, flying to the ground; vertical and horizontal water-yu Hsu and a half years, for Mo Yu, Yu-chang for God . " Beautiful natural scenery and unique human landscape of the most perfect, and so increasingly Longtan Worldwide attention for much of the scenic spots, have been included in the "China-chuen, 000," "Chinese scenic spots" and other books.

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