Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Jimsar ancient animal fossils - Chinese tourism scenic spots

Jimsar County, located in the southeast edge of the Junggar Basin, the eastern section of the northern foothills of the Tianshan Mountains, a 43.30 north latitude 45.30, longitude 88.30 to 89.30 with a total area of 12743.9 square kilometers. North County to Gurbantunggut Desert. Kala Mai in the north of the mountain and in Fuyun County, adjacent to the west Fukang , Qitai County to the east, south-chuen Mountain Street to Bingdaban watershed and Turpan and Urumqi County, for the community. County Permian, Triassic, Jurassic strata is rich in fossils of ancient animals, Xinjiang is also the country's well-known fossils of one of the points. It Qitai and the General Gobi region is not only connected, And in the fossil resources can be comparable to each other. Now its name has been released and several of the ancient animal fossils are outlined below. I, Yuan-long three: in October 1928, in North jussy members of the scientific mission, a geologist Professor Yuan Fuli was found in three Pan Jimsar table Early Triassic formation, Named after. This is a flattening of the individual and small animals, only 7 cm long, the scales have begun to vest in the category, after Germany's well-known dinosaur expert, Dr. Zhong Jiande mentor Yang Hui-resistant (P. Vonhuene), Harvard Shite (Habbstotter) paleontology in China Yang Zhong Jian, such as joint research, An opinion. In 1949, overseas Chinese living in the United States will Dingbang Ge 3 individual taken to the United States, and resistance seen by many, is that the former nuclear lizards. Yang Zhongjian, as the final identification of water-long animal that is a kind of dinosaur is not. According to the Xinhua News Agency on April 28, 1979 reported that the overseas Chinese living in the United States Ge to a recent Dingbang 5 years ago, the collection of well-Yuan-long three-specimens are dedicated to the motherland to return home. Second, Su Qiao Long: Wu Caiwan Jimsar County, Eagle's Nest ditch unearthed in the Jurassic. Eagle's Nest ditch, a north-south orientation of the ravine. Ancient times, this is a mild climate, lush aquatic plants, lush woods Ze Strip, but also dinosaurs and other reptiles of the natural park. In 1983, the Chinese Academy of Sciences of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology of the Institute team in a number of fossils found here. Among them, a vegetarian of sauropod dinosaur fossils, it is only 4.3 meters in length, as a young individual. Because of its small body Qiaoling And in memory of the deceased by about dinosaurs to repair planes loaded with experts and Mr. Su Youling named "Su Qiao Long." Since then, Xin study by the pallet after the recovery in October 1987 in Urumqi, Xinjiang Geology and Mineral Resources museum display. This is the founding of New China, Xinjiang is the first exhibition of dinosaur skeletons. For the autonomous region Family and young people to understand the masses in the late Mesozoic dinosaur in the world of good opportunities. After visiting the vast numbers of Chinese and foreign spectators are amazed. In April 1992, Karamay in the exploration and development of the Xinjiang Research Institute of petroleum geology museum display. In August the same year, with another copy, Jimsar return to the "home" County Museum display. It is reported that in 1998, from Jan. 9 to Feb. 12, Beijing Geological Museum, "with the dinosaur origin of birds", an exhibition of more than 10 dinosaur skeletons, which are also SU Qiao Long. Third, Dicynodon: Dicynodon is an ancient reptiles. Reptilia an animal hole The purpose of a missing tooth Asia Division. Male animal as a result Maxilla laniary two, named Dicynodon. It lives in the swamp area of plant-eating. Late Permian is the most common reptiles, about 2.3 million years ago, that a large number of deaths to the Triassic. Jimsar County has found that in over 3 Dicynodon. 1. Kyrgyzstan Saar animal. In 1930, Northwest science mission geologists Yuan Fuli Jimsar County in Longkou small study found that the characteristics: the skull is slightly triangular, kiss a little sharp, high Yan Kong, Yan Kong, as on the side, nose first at the front end , The top part of the strip of bone, bone-top deep, reach frontal bone, short nose, upper jaw teeth Less developed, smaller teeth, the next stretch. About 2.3 billion years ago. Yuan Fuli had mistaken for dinosaur fossils, and to be known as the "Tianshan-long" in 1934, Yang Zhongjian palaeontological experts will be repaired after a study of the skull, is Shi Zhi Dicynodon. In 1963, palaeontological experts in the Sun Ailing, "China's Ken "In his book that it is Dicynodon than the general progress of some members. It is therefore proposed a separate Ministry, named the "Xinjiang Jimsar beast." 2. Bow steep animal board. 1964 to 1966, the Chinese Academy of Sciences of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology of the Institute team in Jimsar County ditch pantograph board of St. Stephen sub-group Toner Chenopodium Department of rock found a large number of two-tooth fossil mammals. Its head is not part of a complete skeleton, the skull and lower jaw of a good front. By the experts is that the two teeth is a new beast. Characterized by a high skull, long teeth, scapula short-wide, curved. To be known as the "steep bow animal board." 3, Article giant Animal. 1964 to 1966, the Chinese Academy of Sciences team Jimsar County in Longkou Indus small gully at the top of the group found. Its features: large-scale Dicynodon skull length, reaching more than 60 cm, while the low-occipital 56 cm wide, scales to the bone on both sides of the expansion, the temporal hole for the square, between the temporal Zhaizhang. Large holes pinealectomy In front of the parietal bone, there are obvious stripes, named "the giant beast stripes." Survival times for the late Permian. Fourth, Lystrosaurus: water dragon is the beast-hole head veterinary Reptilia Asia purpose of a lack of teeth in the shape of mammals living in the water reptile, named Shui-long animal. His is about 1 meter, the size of the form like a dog, limbs Both the end of a short, high skull, head and kiss between the Department of BENDING into perspective. Location of the high nose, the mouth in addition to the maxillary canine quite a long part of the two laniary, no other teeth, the tooth is the second beast. World's first water-long animal fossils in the Karoo Basin of South Africa found that the Beaufort group from Owen ( wen) was first reported in 1860. China's first animal fossils found in the water dragon is the Yuan, and other officiating resume Jimsar in the early Triassic formation, the time in September 1928 in Xinjiang's water dragon fossil animal, in addition to Turpan in 1973 found that peach Zaigou sturdy garden hose beast, wide The amount of Lystrosaurus, 19 4, 1935, 1937, 1964, in the Jimsar Shuixigou, greenish yellow groove on the early Triassic strata has found 4 Shui-long animal fossils, about 2 million years ago. 1. Step-long animal's water. To mark the identification had "Peking Man" fossil of Canada anatomy experts, the new generation Honorary Director of the Research Office of stone steps ackDavidson) and named. Step-long animal's water found in 1934, characterized by: Kiss wide cross section of tooth surface oval. There are teeth weak vertical Gouwen, dental protrusion, and parallel to the kiss. Short wide head, tears and nasal bone in the stretch between the pre-frontal. 2. Liked Long animal. To mark in Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and the archaeological work, to contribute to the Swedish archaeologist named Sven Hedin and hedenreichfranz. Water dragon-like animal found in 1935, characterized by: Kiss wide, big nose, by location, the former top-round bone to form the pineal the first hole, left, Edge, the former top-frontal bone to insert a pointed front end, before the orbital frontal bone to extend, by a nose, kiss the surface of the Ministry of 3 have weak vertical processes, kiss and a little teeth down. 3. Clostridium Shui-long animal. To mark the identification had "Peking Man" in the German-American anthropologist and anatomy Wei Dengrui (Weiden eichFranz) and named. Clostridium Lystrosaurus in 1937, its features: a larger entity, strongly curved scapula, in particular remote part of the expansion process on the scapula particularly low. And the water dragon-like beasts compared to some of the longer sternum. 4. Yang Shui-long animal. To mark the Dragon has identified water Fossils of China's well-known paleontologist and Yang Zhongjian name. Yang Shui-long animal in 1964 by the Chinese Academy of Sciences study found that team in the county Jiucai Yuan Group, characterized by: individual small amount of Huzhuang nose was bent, the former small frontal bone development, the frontal surface smooth and not concave, eyes Hole, but not its upper edge up too high On the back, over the previous location of the nostrils, there has been no noticeable nose after the ditch, the triangle Xie was dens. More than 4 Shui-long animal fossils were found in the early Triassic formation, about 2.25 million years ago. Jimsar unearthed the fossil animal Shui-long recovery after the assembly by April 1992 from Karamay in the exploration and development research Hospital of Xinjiang Petroleum Geology museum display. Another group of copies since August 1992 recovered "home" in Jimsar County Museum display. Jimsar ancient animal fossils, big build-up in Longkou section has been recognized by the international geologists. Its profile by the Upper Permian and Triassic complete group , And the sequence clear, well-exposed. Formation and development of its north wing complete. Can be observed on the south side of the world's rare Permian-Triassic transition layer deposition and biological, between the two branches of the pollen, ostracods, Estheria, the vertebrate fossil-rich category, in which the late Permian late in Xinjiang Jimsar animal in the world recognized as early as three Ji Shui-long standard fossil animal symbiosis. In August 1996 in Beijing, the 30th International Geological Congress, the section has been recommended for the international non-marine Permian-Triassic boundary in an ideal location. Travel Geological Commission identified as one of 75 travel routes for geologists around the world to the real Jimsar Observation. China's well-known paleontologist Professor Yang Zhongjian study of fossil reptiles, Jimsar from the beginning of the fossils. In his "Memoirs" 153 records: "The reptile fossils, I study in Xinjiang since the far-fu (this Jimsar) fossil, an increasing interest in China and had to climb Animal fossils (in the United States (the country) in Mongolia and other places as the discoverer of the largest), and collate such as a "reptile of China," the book come out. The book was published, the head of the reptiles, such as the type of Shou Xing, ferret-type long, long scale category, type of crocodile, the type of dinosaur research, which has a certain contribution. "The book 14 Page, also known as: "As a result of these fossils (refers to the far-fu, Taiwan's odd, and so very well preserved fossil bones) well-preserved, and is of great significance, so I study of its interest in growing. Yuanjun also have to pay to other materials I have a number on the Triassic under the Chinese water dragon is the only group of articles published. This is for my spine The most-satisfied with the contribution. "Jimsar found on the ancient fauna of the importance of Professor Yang Zhongjian in" Memoirs "wrote:" In nature, Xinjiang's water dragon, Dicynodon fauna, and South Africa are very similar to the same level, no The new case, it is no doubt closely related. Since then, base-see groups of World Bank, so that most people at that time for the movement of animals and of each other, as well as the ancient continent of Gondwana before the ideas are new. The material on the preservation of its integrity, where the letters and a lot of well-preserved fossils, as China is the most important fossil origin, if mining continues to research, there must be more Xian. "??

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